The Immigration and Refugee Board (IRB) is an independent tribunal and not part of the government. It holds hearings and makes decisions on immigration and refugee matters. It has 4 parts, called divisions:
- Immigration Division (ID) does admissibility hearings and detention reviews
- Immigration Appeal Division (IAD) decides appeals from some immigration decisions, including appeals of deportation orders and sponsorship applications
- Refugee Protection Division (RPD) decides when a person in Canada is a protected person
- Refugee Appeal Division (RAD) decides appeals from some decisions made by the Refugee Protection Division
The IRB is separate from Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada and the Canada Border Services Agency.